[Title Page] [List of Genera] Comparison of Drawings] [Regional Keys to Genera] [Descriptions of New Taxa] [Geographical Distribution] [Color Photographs] See also Catalogue of Salticidae [ Title page] List of Genera - names beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ References: Authors beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ [See also Catalogue: Phintella]

Salticidae: Diagnostic Drawings Library

by Jerzy Proszynski 1997

Genus Phintella Strand in Bosenberg and Strand, 1906

Diagnoses of genera of South East Asia: Light or colourful, sometimes iridescent salticids. Shrubs, plants, especially broad leaved. General remarks: In the field, plants with large green leaves, such as ginger, are often favoured by salticids, particularly colourful species. Some are clothed with dense, coloured, iridescent hairs which makes them particularly attractive and conspicuous. They are often to be seen wandering about or sunning themselves on top of the leaves and sometimes to be found resting or in a cell under a leaf. Salticids often build a retreat between and attached to two closely overlapping leaves. With care and a suitably placed sweep net, one can often collect the owner. Genus: Phintella. See Koh, pp. 111-112. As a result of study in recent years, the genus Phintella has expanded greatly, mostly through transfers from Telamonia and Icius. It is a most colourful salticid and quite commonly found on the leaves of shrubs and trees in rain forest habitats. The cephalothorax is quite high, with the cephalus flat and the thorax sloping, slowly at first; and then steeply to the posterior margin. The sides are more or less vertical. The abdomen is oval, widish anteriorly and narrowing to a rounded posterior. The moderate spiny legs are longish and slender and all of much the same size, with the front legs of the male marginally longer and stronger than the others. The patterns and colours can and do vary considerably. We can only suggest that one considers this genus when studying brightly coloured salticids in the given size range which have been collected in the sort of habitat mentioned above. As an example, the underlying colour of the carapace of the male P. vittata is brown. The cephalus, together with a broad band just below the lateral eyes, is covered with dense, bluish-white, iridescent, squamose hairs. Just below the fovea there is a large diamond-shaped area connected to two broad marginal bands covered with similar hairs. The underlying colour of the abdomen is whitish-grey and, starting near the middle, there are two pairs of broad, elongated, transverse, black bands running down the sides. These bands are separated by about their own width. Near the spinnerets there is a semicircular, black region. Bordering this area, as well as between the black bands and on the sides there are dense, bluish white hairs similar to those on the carapace. The electric blue and black appearance of this spider in the field is most striking. Distribution: Phintella is widespread in the palaearctic region and from India and Sri Lanka to Java and the Philippines. Murphy & Murphy 2000: 352-353. By courtesy of the Authors' and the Malaysian Nature Society.

Copyright © for the page by J. Proszynski, 1999.