[Title Page] [List of Genera] Comparison of Drawings] [Regional Keys to Genera] [Descriptions of New Taxa] [Geographical Distribution] [Color Photographs]See also Catalogue of Salticidae [ Title page] List of Genera - names beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ References: Authors beginning with: A BC DEFG HIJKL MN OPQ RS TUVWXYZ [See also Catalogue: Epocilla]

Salticidae: Diagnostic Drawings Library

by Jerzy Proszynski 1997

Genus Epocilla Thorell, 1887

Diagnoses of genera of South East Asia: Light or colourful, sometimes iridescent salticids. Shrubs, plants, especially broad leaved. General remarks: In the field, plants with large green leaves, such as ginger, are often favoured by salticids, particularly colourful species. Some are clothed with dense, coloured, iridescent hairs which makes them particularly attractive and conspicuous. They are often to be seen wandering about or sunning themselves on top of the leaves and sometimes to be found resting or in a cell under a leaf. Salticids often build a retreat between and attached to two closely overlapping leaves. With care and a suitably placed sweep net, one can often collect the owner. Genus: Epocilla . The carapace of Epocilla is flatter, the abdomen is stouter and the spider less brightly coloured than the typical, leaf dwelling rain forest salticid. The carapace is thickish and the cephalus flat with the thorax and sides sloping away to the margin. In plan, the carapace is a broad oval, almost as wide as long. The abdomen is long and nearly oblong, truncated at the front, tapering very slightly to a truncate rear. The legs are long with the femora, patellae and tibiae of the front legs swollen compared with all the other segments. There are numerous strong spines, with very strong, erect spines ventrally on tibiae I. For the male of the relatively common E. calcarata, the underlying colour of the carapace is orange. There is an orange fringe of hairs along the top of the front eyes, behind which there is a tapering triangular wedge of white squamose hairs which ends at the middle of the thorax. Along each side there is a very broad white band of similar hairs. Along the margins of the sides and on the sides of the thorax there are dark brown hairs. Running the length of the abdomen there is a broad brown stripe bordered by two narrower stripes of white squamose hairs. These in turn are bordered by the dark brown sides. The tarsi and metatarsi of legs I are yellow and the swollen segments are brown. The remaining legs are light orange with the femora yellow. All in all, a very well groomed and smart looking spider. Distribution: The main region for Epocilla stretches from India eastwards to China and Borneo. There is an isolated record from Mauritius. Murphy & Murphy 2000: 349-350. By courtesy of the Authors' and the Malaysian Nature Society.

Copyright © for the page by J. Proszynski, 2000.